List of peer-reviewed pub­li­ca­tions from research con­ducted in Green­land by the High Arc­tic Insti­tute, The Pere­grine Fund, and the Green­land Pere­grine Fal­con Sur­vey.  Pub­li­ca­tions which include data col­lected by the High Arc­tic Insti­tute, The Pere­grine Fund, and the Green­land Pere­grine Fal­con Sur­vey and which have been pro­vided to out­side researchers have also been included.  Arti­cles marked with an * were authored or co-authored by High Arc­tic Insti­tute sci­en­tists.  For copies of below papers which are not avail­able for down­load please con­tact

*Ander­son, D.L., Burn­ham, K.K., Nielsen, O.K. & Robinson, B.W. 2017. A pho­to­graphic and mor­pho­me­t­ric guide to aging Gyr­fal­con nestlings. In Ander­son, D.L, McClure, C.J.W. and Franke, A. (eds) Applied rap­tor ecol­ogy: essen­tials from Gyr­fal­con research: 265–282. Boise, Idaho, USA: The Pere­grine Fund.

Ben­nike, O. & Andreasen, C. 2005. New dates of musk-ox (Ovi­bos moscha­tus) remains from north­west Green­land. Polar Record. vol: 41: 125–129.

Booms, T.L. & Fuller, M.R. 2003. Gyr­fal­con diet in cen­tral west Green­land dur­ing the nest­ing period.  Con­dor. vol: 105(3): 528–537.

Booms, T.L. & Fuller, M.R. 2003. Time-lapse video sys­tem used to study nestling gyr­fal­cons.  Jour­nal of Field Ornithol­ogy. vol: 74(4): 416–422.

Booms, T.L. & Fuller, M.R. 2003. Gyr­fal­con feed­ing behav­ior dur­ing the nestling period in cen­tral west Green­land. Arc­tic. vol: 56(4): 341–348.

*Burn­ham, J.H., Burn­ham, K.K., Chum­chal, M.M., Welker, J.M. & John­son, J.A. 2018. Cor­re­spon­dence between mer­cury and sta­ble iso­topes in high Arc­tic marine and ter­res­trial avian species from north­west Green­landPolar Biol­ogy. vol: 41(7): 1475–1491.

*Burn­ham, J.H., Burn­ham, K.K., Chum­chal, M.M., Welker, J.M. & John­son, J.A. 2019. Sta­tus of blood mer­cury con­cen­tra­tion in twenty-four bird species in North­west Green­land. In Kyhn, L.A. & Mos­bech, A. (eds.) North Water Polynya Con­fer­ence, Copen­hagen 2017 — White Paper: 134–138. Copen­hagen, DK: Aarhus University.

*Burn­ham, J.L. & Burn­ham, K.K. 2010. An ornitho­log­i­cal sur­vey of the Carey Islands, north­west Green­land. Dansk Orni­tol­o­gisk Foren­ings Tidsskrift. vol: 104: 26–37.

*Burn­ham, K.K., Burn­ham, J.L. & John­son, J.A. 2020. Mor­pho­log­i­cal mea­sure­ments of Atlantic puf­fin (Frater­cula arc­tica nau­manni) in High-Arctic Green­land. Polar Research. vol: 39.

*Burn­ham, K.K., Burn­ham, J.L., John­son, J.A., & Huff­man, A. 2021. Migra­tory move­ments of Atlantic puffins Frater­cula arc­tica nau­manni from High Arc­tic Green­land. PLoS One. vol: 16(5): e0252044.

*Burn­ham, K.K., Burn­ham, J.L., John­son, J.A., Konkel, B.W., Stephens, J. & Bad­gett, H. 2020. First record of horned puf­fin in the North Atlantic and tufted puf­fin in High Arc­tic Green­land. Polar Research. vol: 39.

*Burn­ham, K.K., Burn­ham, J.L., & Konkel, B.W. 2019. Sta­tus of pere­grine fal­con and gyr­fal­con pop­u­la­tions in North­west Green­land. In Kyhn, L.A. & Mos­bech, A. (eds.) North Water Polynya Confer­ence, Copen­hagen 2017 — White Paper: 101–103. Copen­hagen, DK: Aarhus University.

*Burn­ham, K.K., Burn­ham, J.L., Konkel, B.W. & John­son, J.A. 2017. Sig­nif­i­cant decline observed in Arc­tic tern Sterna par­adis­aea pop­u­la­tion in north­west Green­land. Seabird. vol: 30: 39–50.

*Burn­ham, K.K. & Burn­ham, W.A. 2005. Dovekie response to glau­cous gull behav­iour and approach in north Green­land. Dansk Ornitholo­gisk Foren­ings Tidsskrift. vol: 99: 155–118.

*Burn­ham, K.K. & Burn­ham, W.A. 2011. Ecol­ogy and biol­ogy of gyr­fal­cons in Green­land. In Wat­son, R.T., Cade, T.J., Fuller, M. & Hunt, W.G. (eds.) Gyr­fal­cons and Ptarmi­gan in a Chang­ing World, Vol­ume II: 1–20. Boise,ID: The Pere­grine Fund.

*Burn­ham, K.K., Burn­ham, W.A. & New­ton, I. 2009. Gyr­fal­con Falco rus­ti­co­lus post-glacial col­o­niza­tion and extreme long-term use of nest sites in Green­land. Ibis. vol: 151: 514–522.

*Burn­ham, K.K., Burn­ham, W.A., New­ton, I., John­son, J.A. & Gosler, A. 2012. The His­tory and range expan­sion of pere­grine fal­cons in the Thule area, north­west Green­land.  Mono­graphs on Green­land 352, Bio­science 60. 106 pp.

*Burn­ham, K.K., John­son, J.A., Konkel, B. & Burn­ham, J.L. 2012. Nest­ing com­mon eider (Soma­te­ria mol­lis­sima) pop­u­la­tion quin­tu­ples in north­west Green­land. Arc­tic. vol: 65(4): 456–464.

*Burn­ham, K.K., Meyer, F.K., Burn­ham J.L., Chum­chal M., & John­son, J.A. 2021. Mer­cury con­t­a­m­i­na­tion of seabird and sea duck eggs from high Arc­tic Green­land. Polar Biol­ogy. vol: 44(6): 1195–1202. 

*Burn­ham, K.K. & New­ton, I. 2011. Sea­sonal move­ments of gyr­fal­cons Falco rus­ti­co­lus include exten­sive peri­ods at sea. Ibis. vol: 153: 468–484.

*Burn­ham, K.K., Sin­nett, D.R., John­son, J.A., Burn­ham, J.L., Baroch, J.A. & Konkel, B.W. 2014. New species records and changes in abun­dance of water­fowl in north­west Green­land. Polar Biol­ogy. vol: 37(9): 1289–1300.

*Burn­ham, W.A., Burn­ham, K.K. & Cade, T.J. 2005. Past and present assess­ments of bird life in Uum­man­naq Dis­trict, west Green­land. Dansk Ornithol­o­gisk Foren­ings Tidsskrift. vol: 99: 196–208.

Burn­ham, W.A., Jenk­ins, F.P., Ward, F.P., Mat­tox, W.G., Clement, D.M. & Har­ris, J.T. 1974. Fal­con research in Green­land, 1973. Arc­tic. vol: 27(1): 71–74.

Burn­ham, W.A. & Mat­tox, W.G.  1984. Biol­ogy of the pere­grine and gyr­fal­con in Green­land. Monographs on Green­land, Bio­science 14. 24 pp.

*Causey, D., Stranek, A., Shee­han, K. & Burn­ham, K.K. 2019. Evi­dence for increas­ingly rapid desta­bi­liza­tion of coastal Arc­tic food­webs. In Kyhn, L.A. & Mos­bech, A. (eds.) North Water Polynya Con­fer­ence, Copen­hagen 2017 — White Paper: 65–71. Copen­hagen, DK: Aarhus University.

*Causey, D., Welker, J.M., Burn­ham, K.K., Padula, V.M. & Bargmann, N.A. 2013. Fine-scale tem­po­ral and spa­tial pat­terns of a High Arc­tic marine bird com­mu­nity. In Mueter, F.J., Dick­son, D.M.S., Hunt­ing­ton, H.P., Irvine, J.R., Loger­well, E.A., MacLean, S.A., Quak­en­bush, L.T. & Rosa, C. (eds.) Responses of Arc­tic marine ecosys­tems to cli­mate change. Alaska Sea Grant, Uni­ver­sity of Alaska Fairbanks.

Cuyler, C. & Møl­gaard, H. 2002. Over­grown hooves from muskoxen (Ovi­bos moscha­tus) of Kan­gaar­suk (Kap Atholl) North­west Green­land. Green­land Insti­tute of Nat­ural Resources. Tech­ni­cal Report no. 41. 28 pp.

Cuyler, C., Virk, K.J., Clausen, T.B. & Jensen, F.H. 2016. 2015 sta­tus Cape Atholl muskoxen (Ovi­bos moscha­tus) Thule region Green­land. Green­land Insti­tute of Nat­ural Resources. Tech­ni­cal Report no. 96. 37 pp.

*Curk, T., Pokrovksy, I., Lecomte, N., Aar­vak, T., Burn­ham, K., Dietz, A. Franke, A., Gau­thier, G., et al. 2020. Arc­tic avian preda­tors syn­chro­nize their spring migra­tion with the north­ern pro­gres­sion of snowmelt. Sci­en­tific Reports 10: 7220.

*David­son, S.C., Bohrer, G., Gurarie, E., LaPoint, S., Mahoney, P.J., Boel­man, N.T., Eitel, J.U.H., et al. 2020. Eco­log­i­cal insights from three decades of ani­mal move­ment track­ing across a chang­ing Arc­tic. Sci­ence. vol: 370: 712–715. 
Falk, K., Møller, S. & Mat­tox, W.G. 2006. A long-term increase in eggshell thick­ness of Green­landic pere­grine fal­cons Falco pere­gri­nus tun­drius. Sci­ence of the Total Envi­ron­ment. vol: 355: 127–134.

*Franke, A., Falk, K., Hawk­shaw, K., Ambrose, S., Ander­son, D.L., Bente, P.J., Booms, T., Burn­ham, K.K., et al. 2020. Sta­tus and trends of cir­cum­po­lar pere­grine fal­con and gyr­fal­con pop­u­la­tions. Ambio. vol: 49: 762–783. 

Fuller, M.R., See­gar, W.S. & Schueck, L.S. 1998. Routes and travel rates of migrat­ing pere­grine fal­cons Falco pere­gri­nus and Swainson’s hawks Buteo swain­soni in the West­ern Hemi­sphere. Jour­nal of Avian Biol­ogy. vol: 29(4): 433–440.

*Funk, E.R., Mason, N.A., Páls­son, S., Albrecht, T., John­son, J.A. & Tay­lor, S.A. 2021. A super­gene under­lies linked vari­a­tion in color and mor­phol­ogy in a Hol­arc­tic song­bird. Nature Com­mu­ni­ca­tions. vol: 12: 6833. 

Gould, W.R. & Fuller, M.R. 1995. Sur­vival and pop­u­la­tion size esti­ma­tion in rap­tor stud­ies: a com­par­i­son of two meth­ods. Jour­nal of Rap­tor Research. vol: 29(4): 256–264.

Har­ris, J.T. & Clement, D.M. 1975. Green­land pere­grines at their eyries: a behav­ioral study of the pere­grine fal­con. Med­delelser om Grøn­land. vol: 205(3): 1–28.

Hovis, J., Snow­man, T.D., Cox, V.L., Fay, R. & Bild­stein, K.L. 1985. Nest­ing behav­ior of pere­grine fal­cons in west Green­land dur­ing the nestling period. Jour­nal of Rap­tor Research. vol: 19: 15–19.

Jar­man, W.M., Burns, S.A., Mat­tox, W.G. & See­gar, W.S. 1994. Organochlo­rine com­pounds in plasma of pere­grine fal­cons and gyr­fal­cons nest­ing in Green­land. Arc­tic. vol: 47(4): 334–340.

Jenk­ins, M.A. 1978. Gyr­fal­con nest­ing behav­ior from hatch­ing to fledg­ing. Auk. vol: 95: 122–127.

John­son, J.A., Athrey, G., Ander­son, C.M., Bell, D.A., Dixon, A., Kumazawa, Y., Maech­tle, T., Meeks, G.W., et al. 2023. Whole-genome sur­vey reveals exten­sive vari­a­tion in genetic diver­sity and inbreed­ing lev­els among pere­grine fal­con sub­species. Ecol­ogy and Evo­lu­tion. 

*John­son, J.A., Ambers, A. & Burn­ham, K.K. 2012. Genet­ics of plumage color in the gyr­fal­con (Falco rus­ti­co­lus): analy­sis of the melanocortin-1 recep­tor gene. Hered­ity. vol: 103(3): 315–321.

*John­son, J.A. & Burn­ham, K.K. 2011. Pop­u­la­tion dif­fer­en­ti­a­tion and adap­tive selec­tion on plumage color dis­tri­b­u­tions in gyr­fal­cons. In Wat­son, R.T., Cade, T.J., Fuller, M. & Hunt, W.G. (eds.) Gyr­fal­cons and Ptarmi­gan in a Chang­ing World, Vol­ume I: 71–90. Boise, ID: The Pere­grine Fund.

*John­son, J.A. & Burn­ham, K.K. 2012. Tim­ing of breed­ing and off­spring num­ber covary with plumage colour among Gyr­fal­cons Falco rus­ti­co­lus. Ibis. vol: 155(1): 177–188.

*John­son, J.A., Burn­ham, K.K., Burn­ham, W.A. & Min­dell, D.P. 2007. Genetic struc­ture among con­ti­nen­tal and island pop­u­la­tions of gyr­fal­cons. vol: 16(15): 3145–3160.  

*John­son, J.A., Tal­bot, S.L., Sage, G.K., Burn­ham, K.K., Brown, J.W., Maech­tle, T.L., See­gar, W.S., Yates, M.A., Ander­son, B. & Min­dell, D.P. 2010. The use of genet­ics for the man­age­ment of a recov­er­ing pop­u­la­tion: tem­po­ral assess­ment of migra­tory pere­grine fal­cons in North Amer­ica. PloS ONE 5(11): e14042.

Klug­man, S.S., Fuller, M.R., Howey, P.W., Yates, M.A., Oar, J.J., See­gar, J.M., See­gar, W.S., Mat­tox, W.G. & Maech­tle, T.L. 1993. Use of satel­lite teleme­try for study of a gyr­fal­con in Green­land. Jour­nal of Raptor Research. vol: 27(1): 75–76.

*Leigh, D.M., Ker­sten, O., Star, B., Anker-Nilssen, T., Burn­ham, K., John­son, J., Provencher, J. & Boessenkool, S. 2022. Sym­pa­try of genet­i­cally dis­tinct Atlantic Puffins (Frater­cula arc­tica) in the High Arc­tic. IBIS. 

Long­mire, J.L., Ambrose, R.E., Brown, M.C., Cade, T.J., Maech­tle, T.L., Seeger, W.S., Ward, F.P., & White, C.M. 1991. Use of sex linked min­isatel­lite frag­ments to inves­ti­gate genetic dif­fer­en­ti­a­tion and migra­tion of North Amer­i­can pop­u­la­tions of pere­grine fal­cons Falco pere­gri­nus. In Burke, T., Dolf, G., Jef­fer­eys, A.J. & Wolf, R. (eds.): DNA fin­ger­print­ing: approaches and appli­ca­tions: 217–229. Basel, Switzer­land: Birkhauser Verlag.

Long­mire, J.L., Lewis, A.K., Brown, N.C., Buck­ing­ham, J.M., Clark, L.M., Jones, M.D., Meincke, L.J., Meyne, J., Ratliff, R.L., Ray, F.A., Wag­ner, R.P. & Moyzis, R.K. 1988. Iso­la­tion and mol­e­c­u­lar char­ac­ter­i­za­tion of a highly poly­mor­phic cen­tromeric tan­dem repeat in the fam­ily fal­conidae. Genomics. vol: 2(1): 14–24.

Mat­tox, W.G. 1970. Bird-banding in Green­land. Arc­tic. vol: 23(4): 217–228.

Mat­tox, W.G. 1970. Band­ing gyr­fal­cons (Falco rus­ti­co­lus) in Green­land, 1967. Bird-banding. vol: 41(1): 31–37. 

Mat­tox, W.G. 1975. Bird of prey research in west Green­land, 1974. Polar Record. vol: 17(109): 387–388.

Mat­tox, W.G., Burn­ham, W.A. & Ward, F.P. 1980. Under­søgelse af rovfu­gle på Grønland/Kalâtdlit-nunãne tigut­sisil­ing­nik misigssuinek.  Forskn­ing I Grønland/Kalâtdlit-nunãne ilisi­matut misigssuiner­inik TUSAUT. vol: 1–2: 7–13. [Jour­nal pub­lished by the Com­mis­sion for Sci­en­tific Research in Green­land, Copen­hagen, Den­mark.  Title of jour­nal trans­lated into Eng­lish: Research in Green­land. Jour­nal pub­lished in Dan­ish and Greenlandic.]

Mat­tox, W.G., Gra­ham, R.A., Burn­ham, W.A., Clement, D.M. & Har­ris, J.T. 1972. Pere­grine fal­con sur­vey, west Green­land, 1972. Arc­tic. vol: 25(4): 308–311.

Mat­tox, W.G., Hein­rich, W.R., Oar, J., Belardo, S.J., Rid­dle, K. & Smylie, T.M. 1980. West Green­land pere­grine fal­con sur­vey, 1978. Arc­tic. vol: 33: 199–202.

Mat­tox, W.G. & Restani, M. 2014. Migra­tory move­ments and mor­tal­ity of pere­grine fal­cons banded in Green­land, 1972–97. Arc­tic. vol: 67(4): 433–440.

Mat­tox, W.G. & W.S. See­gar. 1988. The Green­land Pere­grine Fal­con Sur­vey, 1972–1985, with empha­sis on recent pop­u­la­tion sta­tus. In Cade, T.J., Ender­son, J.H., The­lander, C.G. & White, C.M. (eds): Pere­grine Fal­con Pop­u­la­tions — their man­age­ment and recov­ery: 27–36. Boise, ID: The Pere­grine Fund.

Mat­tox, W.G. & See­gar, W.S. 1996. 25 år med de Grøn­landske van­drefalke. Tusaat/Forskning i Grøn­land. vol: 4/96: 8–11.

Meese, R.J. & Fuller, M.R. 1989. Dis­tri­b­u­tion and behav­iour of passer­ines around pere­grine Falco pere­gri­nus eyries in west­ern Green­land. Ibis. vol: 131: 17–32.

Par­rish, J.R., Rogers, D.T. Jr. & Ward, F.P. 1983. Iden­ti­fi­ca­tion of natal locales of pere­grine fal­cons (Falco pere­gri­nus) by trace-element analy­sis of feath­ers. The Auk. vol: 100: 560–567.

Pat­tee, O.H., Mat­tox, W.G. & See­gar, W.S. 1984. Twin embryos in a pere­grine fal­con egg. The Condor. vol: 86: 252–253.

Restani, M., Mar­zluff, J.M. & Yates, R.E. 2001. Effects of anthro­pogenic food sources on move­ments, sur­vivor­ship, and social­ity of com­mon ravens in the Arc­tic. The Con­dor. vol: 103(2): 399–404.

Restani, M. & Mat­tox, W.G. 2000. Natal dis­per­sal of pere­grine fal­cons in Green­land.  The Auk. vol: 117(2): 500–504.

*Rosen­field, R.N., Booms, T.L., Burn­ham, K.K., McCaf­fery, B.J. & Good­win, R.J.  2011. The poten­tial for long-term mon­i­tor­ing and research of gyr­fal­con and pere­grine fal­con breed­ing pop­u­la­tions using under­grad­u­ate stu­dents: an appar­ent inex­haustible source of fund­ing. In Wat­son, R.T., Cade, T.J., Fuller, M. & Hunt, W.G. (eds.) Gyr­fal­cons and Ptarmi­gan in a Chang­ing World, Vol­ume II: 373–384. Boise, ID: The Pere­grine Fund.

Rosen­field, R.N., Schnei­der, J.W., Papp, J.M. & See­gar, W.S. 1995. Prey of pere­grine fal­cons breed­ing in west Green­land. The Con­dor. vol: 97: 763–770.

Springer, A.M., Walker, W., Rise­brough, R.W., Ben­field, D., Ellis, D.H., Mat­tox, W.G., Min­dell, D.P & Rose­neau, D.G. 1984. Ori­gins of organochlo­rine accu­mu­lated by pere­grine fal­cons, Falco pere­gri­nus, breed­ing in Alaska and Green­land. Cana­dian Field Nat­u­ral­ist. vol: 98(2): 159–166.

Taft, S.J., Rosen­field, R.N., See­gar, W.S., Maech­tle, T.L. 1998. Paucity of hema­to­zoa in pere­grine fal­cons (Falco pere­gri­nus) in west Green­land and coastal Texas. Jour­nal of Helmintho­log­i­cal Soci­ety of Wash­ing­ton. vol: 65(1): 111–113.

Walker, W., Mat­tox, W.G. & Rise­brough, R.W. 1973. Pol­lu­tant and shell thick­ness deter­mi­na­tions of pere­grine eggs from west Green­land. Arc­tic. vol: 26(3): 256–257.

Wight­man, C.S. & Fuller, M.R. 2005. Spac­ing and phys­i­cal habi­tat selec­tion pat­terns of pere­grine fal­cons in cen­tral west Green­land. Wil­son Bul­letin. vol: 117(3): 226–236.

Wight­man, C.S. & Fuller, M.R. 2006. Influ­ence of habi­tat het­ero­gene­ity on dis­tri­b­u­tion, occu­pancy pat­terns, and pro­duc­tiv­ity of breed­ing pere­grine fal­cons in cen­tral west Green­land. The Con­dor. vol: 108(2): 270–281.